Determinants of Internal and External R&D Offshoring: Evidence from Spanish Firms

Publicado en

  • Industry and Innovation


  • This paper analyses the determinants of R&D offshoring of Spanish firms using information from the Panel of Technological Innovation. We find that being an exporter, international technological cooperation, continuous R&D engagement, applying for patents, being a foreign subsidiary, and firm size are factors that positively affect the decision to offshore R&D. In addition, we find that a lack of financing is an obstacle relatively more important for independent firms than for firms that belong to business groups. For these latter, we also obtain that the factors that influence the decision to offshore R&D differ depending on whether the firm purchases the R&D services within the group or through the market: a higher degree of importance assigned to internal sources of information for innovation as compared to market sources increases (decreases) the probability of R&D offshoring only through the group (market).

fecha de publicación

  • 2017

Enfoque geográfico

Líneas de investigación

  • Independent Firms
  • Obstacles to Innovation
  • R&D Offshoring Firms’ Strategies
  • Subsidiaries

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