Agricultural Productivity, Structural Change, and Economic Growth in Post-Reform China

Publicado en

  • Journal of Development Economics


  • We examine the role of agricultural productivity as a determinant of China's post-reform economic growth and sectoral reallocation. Using microeconomic farm-level data, and treating labor as a highly differentiated input, we find that the labor input in agriculture decreased by 5% annually and agricultural TFP grew by 6.5%. Using a calibrated two-sector general equilibrium model, we find that agricultural TFP growth: (i) accounts for the majority of output and employment reallocation toward non-agriculture; (ii) contributes (at least) as much to aggregate and sectoral economic growth as non-agricultural TFP growth; and (iii) influences economic growth primarily by reallocating workers to the non-agricultural sector, where rapid physical and human capital accumulation are currently taking place.

fecha de publicación

  • 2013

Enfoque geográfico

Líneas de investigación

  • Agricultural Productivity
  • China
  • Economic Growth
  • Structural Change

Página inicial

  • 165

Última página

  • 180


  • 104


  • C